Saffron is also known as Kesar. It is one of the most expensive spices available all over the world. Saffron oil is obtained from the flower of Crocus sativus, commonly known as the “saffron crocus”. Saffron oil is one of the best oils available for obtaining a radiant and healthy skin. Besides its use in skincare, it is also used in a variety of traditional medicines. The nutritional composition of saffron is dense and the number of nutrients present in saffron oil justifies the price of this amazing herb. The oil is tremendously rich in various vitamins and minerals that impart the benefits for which saffron has been known, for a very long time. There are various methods for preparing saffron oil. One such method is to keep the saffron strands in almond oil for a week in a dark and cool place. The colour of oil becomes orange and the saffron oil is ready for use.
SKIN WHITENING AND BRIGHTENING EFFECT OF SAFFRON OIL
Saffron is useful for the body both internally and externally. Various traditional medicines contain saffron because of its healing properties. It helps reduce acne and make skin spotless and radiant. It also prevents hair loss and reduces split ends. Internally, it helps maintain body weight and manages blood sugar. It also reduces inflammation of the lungs and may help to fight against anxiety and depression.
Various constituents present in saffron that provides skin brightening effects. These includes:
Limonene: Limonene is a powerful antioxidant present in saffron. It protects the skin from harmful effects of free radicals and helps maintain elasticity and radiance of the skin.
Crocin and crocetin: Crocin and crocetin are important components of saffron oil which have skin brightening properties. A study conducted for analyzing the completion promoting the activity of saffron concluded that crocin man crocetin present in saffron are responsible for shine and lightening of the skin.
Vitamin C: Vitamin C is an important component of saffron which makes the skin glow. Vitamin C in saffron oil protects the skin from the damaging effects of free radicals, improves tone and texture of the skin and stimulates the production of collagen. It also helps treat hyperpigmentation.
Vitamin A: Vitamin A also possesses the excellent property of improving skin health. It increases the cell turnover rate, protects the skin from harmful UV radiations and counters the signs of aging. The glowing complexion because of Vitamin A may also be attributed to its property to block the enzyme required for melanin synthesis.
Calcium: Calcium helps in repairing the effects of skin aging. Calcium reverses the paleness of skin and thin epidermis caused due to skin aging. Presence of calcium in saffron oil helps improve the skin cell turnover rate and old skin cells are replaced by new and healthy cells.
Magnesium: Magnesium is well known for its anti-aging property. It improves the availability of oxygen to skin cells. Low magnesium levels increase skin dryness and reduced elasticity. Magnesium in saffron oil helps to regain the lost elasticity and provides a glowing and supple skin.
Potassium: Spots of the skin fade away when the older cells are replaced by new cells. When the skin is not able to form new cells, it would look dull and cracked. Potassium is known for accelerating the formation of new cells. Potassium in saffron oil helps in diminishing blemishes and scars.
Other ingredients such as linalool, cineole, and geraniol are also present in saffron oil.
Naveed Akhtar et al., “Skin Depigmentation Activity of Crocus sativus Extract Cream”, Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research November 2014; 13 (11): 1803-1808
Vyas L. K et al., “Study of Crocus sativus as Complexion Promoter in Skin Care”, International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 2010; 2(2): 76-79